Indeed not—and therefore the fact that turtles have that capability points to its having originated from an intelligence surpassing that of humans , i.e. loggerheads have such features by design , not by evolution. In light of Romans 1: 20 (those who deny the Creator are “without excuse”), one can see there’s a reason that turtles are at loggerheads with evolution. They were created to thwart evolutionary storytelling! And it’s not just in relation to their design. There’s no joy for evolutionists in the fossil record, either. Turtle fossils ‘all the way down’ As if there weren’t already enough paleontological and other challenges posed by turtles to evolutionary theory, 15 the past decade has made it even more difficult to fit these singular creatures into an evolutionary ‘tree’. Many and varied have been the century-long attempts to explain the origin and phylogenetic relationships (which presume a common ancestry of all living things) of turtles. Traditional ideas have been up-ended by more recent morphological and molecular studies. 16 But there is still no consensus—on the basis of comparisons of body form (morphology), evolutionists have variously claimed tuataras, lizards and snakes as turtles’ closest relatives, but molecular comparisons draw other evolutionists to favour crocodiles and birds as the “living sister group” of turtles. 16 The recent discovery of a turtle fossil in Upper Triassic strata in China, presumed by evolutionists to be 220 million years old, 17 has re-ignited another debate. Dubbed Odontochelysemitestacea emitestacea , two reviewers (Tyler Lyson and Scott Gilbert) say the fossil “reopens the debate regarding the origin of the turtle shell”. 18 This is the debate as to how the turtle’s carapace might have arisen in an evolutionary stepwise process from other parts of the turtle body over long periods of time. But, as evolutionists have admitted, “the turtle body plan is quite unique among vertebrates and is difficult to derive from a generalized pattern of the amniotes.” 19 (Amniotes
Adult female loggerheads lay eggs in clutches of 100 to 150 eggs, burying them in dry sand. They do not hatch until about 60 days after being laid (during which time they might fall prey to wild pigs, raccoons, foxes or people—the eggs are very nutritious). After hatching under- ground, hatchlings dig their way up through the sand, waiting just beneath the surface until cooler temperatures ignify nightfall. Then they pop out and scurry towards the ocean in a race against birds and other predators. them positional informatio ” n . 12 I.e., “tur- tles determine longitudinal position by using pairings of intensity and inclina- tion angle as an X, Y coordinate system.” Putman adds that the findings might have a role to play in the development of human navigational technologies. “There may be situations where satellite might not be available, where this system of using two aspects of a magnetic field could be very useful,” he said. 13 In one sense, one can appreciatevolutionists’ surprise at the loggerheads’ volutionists’ surprise at the loggerheads’ “astounding migrational abilities” 10 in relation to longitude. After all, it took human navigators hundreds of years to figure out how to determine longitude in their long-distance voyages—even with the impetus of huge prizes offered by Spain, France and then Britain. 14 (Eventually, John Harrison (1693-1776) with his chronometers won the most money—£ 23,065, equivalent to over £ 3. 3 million today.) Thus the ability to determine longitude, requiring such intense andirected human intelligence, irected human intelligence, would surely not be found in the “tiny brains” 10 of loggerhead turtles—for surely such could not have arisen through evolutionary processes? 30
= reptiles, birds, mammals.) And in the absence of definitive transitional fossils, such evolutionary speculation is exactly that—speculation! 20 Stasis is a feature of the turtle fossil record—turtles have always been turtles. 21 The title of the paper by Lyson and Gilbert summed up the evolutionary conflict perfectly, Turtles all the way down: loggerheads at the root of the chelonian tree . Thisentence from their closing paragraph entence from their closing paragraph is just as candid: “The new discovery of the beautifully preserved fossil O. semitestacea produces ore es ions han it m qu t t answers, re opening questions of turtle origins, sh ell evolution, and original paleoecolog y.” 18 You can find a correct answer, based t on true histo ry, to the question of the origin of tur tles, and the timing of the fossil ization of the O. semitestace a turtle fossil, in the Bible. Turtles were created on Day 5 of Creation W eek (see box p. 31) o nly about 6,000 years ago, and this fossil d ates from the Flood o f Noah’s day, about 4,500 years ago—a huge ly violent, worldwide e vent. That’s why this an d so many other foss ils are, like it, “beaut ifully preserved”. 1 8 But this explanation only works for those who don’t want to “de liberately forget”— 2 Peter 3: 5–6. Refere nces and notes 1. Chapter 10, “Loggerheads: A Crushing Jaw” in Sp otila, J., Sea Turtles: A complete g uide to their biology, behavior and conse rvation , The John Hopkins Communi ty Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, 200 4. 2. Turtle’s Fi nding Nemo journey, The Daily Telegraph , www.dailytelegraph.com.au/ news/nsw-act/turtles-finding-nemo-journey/ story-e6freuzi-1111116173039 , 27 April
, C. and Lohmann, K., Sea turtles, Current B
iology 16( 18):R784–R786, 2006.
4. Sarfati, J.,
Turtles—reading magnetic maps, Creation 21
( 2):30, 1999; creation.com/ turtlemap .
Creation 33( 3) 2011