other compounds that cannot change back to methane. When that erosion depletes the methane to a critical level, the entire nitrogen atmosphere should freeze out and collapse onto the surface catastrophically. Clearly, this has not happened. Atmospheric scientists have given Titan’s methane an upper age lim- it of 10 million years. 21 Titan surface . The solar wind ion- izes atmospheric methane, causing ito recombine o recombine into other hydrocarbons, primarily ethane (C 2 H 6 ). The ethane, which is liquid at Titan temperatures, should have rained down and accumu- lated over 4. 5 billion years into a global ocean several kilometres thick, accord- ing to calculations made in the 1980s. 22 The Huygens probe, however, landed in January 2005 with a thud on a moist lakebed. The historic landing provided ‘ground truth’ that the old-age predic- tions were wrong. The project orbiter and lander found Titan girdled with dunes of dirty ice particles, riddled with river channels, but only scarred with half a dozen craters—astonishing for a large moon. Lakes were found in h t e north and south polar regions, but the largest one in the south was recently caught evaporating quickly,
D F. COPPEDGE d at JPL (Jet Propulsion Laboratory) as a system administrator for the Cassini Mission to Saturn 997 to 2011, and was Team Lead System Administrator for nine of those years. DAVI worke
from 1 now that Saturn is moving from equinox
to solstice. 23 Cloudbursts of methane
witnessed last year show weather cycles
that have not left evidence of billions of
years of hydrocarbon deposits.
These and other evidences put
strong upper limits on the age of the
Saturn system. Many of them top out
at 100 million years, 10 million years,
or less. That does not mean that Saturn is
that old—it could be much younger,
including the biblical timescale of thou-
sands of years. To illustrate the problem
for evolutionists, sometimes at pre-
sentations I have an assistant help me
stretch out a 45-foot rope in front of
the audience. If the rope represents the
4. 5 billion year age of the solar system
100 million years is just one foot on that
rope. What happened to the other 44
feet on the timeline? Did it even exist?
Bible-believers cannot prove from
this evidence that Saturn fits within a
Genesis timeframe, but consider: fal-
sifying the 4. 5 billion year age has
the effect of simultaneously falsifying
Darwinian evolution and the ‘geologi-
cal timescale’. And with that comes a
whole new set of questions—questions
best addressed by the position of intel-
ligent design, and best answered by the
of the Creator Himself.
Word References and notes 1.
his spacecraft is made up of the NASA-
signed Cassini orbiter, and the Huygens
obe, by the European Space Agency.
L (Jet Propulsion Laboratory News
elease), 3 March 2011,
R saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/ news/newsreleases/newsrelease20110307 ;
eation-Evolution Headlines (CEH),
7 creationsafaris.com/ crev201103.htm#20110307b .
( 2):569–570, 2007; www.space. com/5528-frigid-future-ocean-saturn-moon. html , 19 June 2008; CEH, creationsafaris. com/ crev200806.htm#20080619a .
ASA Space Telescope discovers largest
ng around Saturn,
ri saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/, 6ctober 2009
L 12 December 2007,
5. JP saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/ news/newsreleases/newsrelease20071212, EH,
C creationsafaris.com/crev200712. htm#20071213a , 13 December 2007.
L image caption 31 March 2011,
6. JP photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/ PIA12820 .
7. C et al
., An evolving view of Saturn’s
75, 2010; EH C ,
14 creationsafaris.com/ crev201003.htm#20100319a, 19 March
8. JPL, saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/news/newsreleases/ newsrelease20101212, 12 December 2010.
9. JPL, saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/news/newsreleases/ newsrelease20080905, 5 September 2008.
10. JPL, saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/news/newsreleases/ newsrelease20091006/, 6 October 2009;
CEH, creationsafaris.com/crev200910. htm#20091007a, 7 October 2009.
11. JPL news, www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/features. cfm?feature=1597, 7 February 2008.
12. JPL, saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/news/ cassinifeatures/feature20060629, 29 June 2006; CEH, creationsafaris.com/ crev200607.htm#20060711a .
13. Science Daily
, www.sciencedaily.com/ releases/2004/12/ 041219140119.htm, 31December 2004; CEH, creationsafaris.com/ crev200407.htm#solsys122, 2 July 2004.
14. www.space.com/5183-saturn-storm- hurricane-features.html, 27 March 2008.
15. JPL, saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/news/newsreleases/ newsrelease20091209, 9 December 2009.
16. JPL, saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/news/newsrelease s/20081215enceladusactivity, 15 December
17. Southwest Research Institute News, www. swri.org/9what/releases/2009/Iapetus.htm10 Dec b em er 2009; CEH, creationsafaris. com/ crev200912.htm#20091214a, 14December 2009.
18. Palmer, E.E. and Brown, R.H., The stability
and transport of carbon dioxide on Iapetus,
(1):434–446, 2008; CEH, 5 May
2008, creationsafaris.com/crev200805. htm#20080505a .
19. Kerr, R.A., Planetary science: how Saturn’s
icy c moons get a (geologic) life, Science 311
(5757): 29, 2006; CEH, creationsafaris. com/ crev200602.htm#20060206a, 6 February 2006; CEH, creationsafaris. com/ crev200603.htm#20060301a, 1 March
20. Paul Schenk’s blog entry for 25 February
2010, stereomoons.blogspot.com/2010/02/ rheas-blue-streaks-rings-and-other.html ;
JPL, saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/news/newsreleases/ newsrelease20101007 7 October 2010;
CEH, creationsafaris.com/crev201010. htm#20101020b 20 October 2010.
21. Space Science Institute press release, Feb
2009, ciclops.org/view/5471/cassini_finds_ hydrocarbon_rains_may_fill_titan_lakes ;
personal communication with Dr. Sushil
Atreya, 2001; Atreya’s paper: Titan’s
Methane Cycle, Planetary and Space
Science 54:1177–1187, 2006. See also Passage to a Ringed World
1997, p. 33); CEH, creationsafaris.com/ crev200902.htm#20090202a, 2 February
The New Solar System , 4th ed., Cambridge
Press, 1999, p. 282.
23. Turtle et al
., Shoreline retreat at
Titan’s Ontario Lacus and Arrakis
Planitia from Cassini Imaging Science
S0019-1035( 11)00054-6, 2011; CEH, creationsafaris.com/crev201102. htm#20110219a 19 February 2011. CREATION.com Creation 33( 3) 2011