The researchers offer alternatives to
rapid sediment coverage. They argue
that the carcass might get stuck in a log
(!). It might bloat on dry land, and then
afterwards somehow fall into the water.
Quite cold or deep waters might reduce
bloating—though how this prevents
disarticulation from the scavengers who
inhabit such regions is not clear. In any
case, experiments have shown that even
in oxygen-poor conditions and with
protection from scavengers, unburied
fish carcasses are quite disarticulated
within a week. 6 Such alternatives
cannot explain the vast fossil deposits
of crocodiles and other creatures around
the world, such as the Karoo Basin in
Southern Africa (about half a million
After more than seven decades of
monitoring sediment movement globally, scientists have long recognized
that insufficient sediment is available
for widespread fossilization. Sediment
is being deposited in rivers, lakes, estuaries, lagoons, and marine environments
worldwide. Sediment deposition also
occurs during small storms and rare
catastrophic events. However, insufficient sediment is produced in any
of these environments to bury large
numbers of animals over large areas.
There was, however, one catastrophic
event that would have provided enough
sediment. “And the waters prevailed so
mightily on the earth that all the high
mountains under the whole heaven were
covered” (Genesis 7: 19). A Flood such
as described in Genesis would have
initially eroded the landscape, creating
huge quantities of sediment, and then
deposited hundreds of metres of sedi-
ment in many parts of the earth, burying
all life within it.
For vast numbers of creatures,
though not all by any means, burial
would have been fast and coverage
complete, the conditions identified by
the researchers as necessary for well-articulated fossilization. So one would
predict that in addition to some disarticulated fossil skeletons, well articulated
skeletons would be very abundant—
which is what we find.
Depending on the circumstances and the
nature of the sediment, fossil remains
of rapidly-buried animals would be
expected to not infrequently retain
features that would have disintegrated
if sediment coverage had been slow and
gradual. For example, the impressions
from soft tissues (skin, muscle, feathers,
hairs and the like). And that, too, is
what we find. Also, since the fossils
were only entombed a few thousand
years ago, it makes sense of the recent
discoveries of unfossilized soft tissues.
Things like blood cells, hemoglobin, and
other proteins are still present within
some fossils—including dinosaurs
that supposedly died out more than 65
million alleged years ago.
Given that all this is indeed what
we find, it is not difficult to ascribe
the fossil record to the global Flood
described in detail in the Genesis
account of the Bible.
References and notes
1. Syme, C.E. and Salisbury, S. W., Patterns
of aquatic decay and disarticulation
in juvenile Indo-Pacific crocodiles
(Crocodylus porosus), and implications
for the taphonomic interpretation of fossil
crocodyliform material, Palaeogeography,
2. Syme and Salisbury, ref. 1, p 120.
3. Syme and Salisbury, ref. 1, p 116.
4. Syme and Salisbury, ref. 1, p 119.
5. Syme and Salisbury, ref. 1, p 121.
6. Garner, P., Green river blues; creation.com/
green-river-blues, especially ref. 8.
RON NELLER, B. A., Ph.D.
Dr Neller was for 28 years a university researcher
in fluvial geomorphology. He now works for
Creation Ministries International (Australia) as
a speaker and scientist. For more: creation.com/
Photographs over time of one of the carcasses from treatment 3
that were allowed to ‘bloat and float’ They were not buried and
decayed subaqueously (underwater) in non-moving waters.
An adult Australian Saltwater Crocodile
or Estuarine Crocodile in water
CREATION.com 15 Creation 39( 3) 2017