LIFE AND THE ‘FIRST’ CELL
A huge problem for naturalistic evolution is how life with its complex coded
information could have arisen spontaneously in evolution’s very first living cell.
We have previously written about how scientists have attempted to determine the simplest self-reproducing cell (see
creation.com/simple). This hypothetical cell was said to require a minimum of 256 genes. The problem for
evolutionists is that they cannot appeal to natural selection to explain the first
cell. That’s because natural selection requires a living, reproducing cell
to pass on any trait selected for! Further research in 2006 increased this
figure to 387 protein-coding and 43 RNA-coding genes.
In 2016, the minimalist genome was once again increased with
the creation of a synthetic self-reproducing bacterium: this time, to
473 genes (531,560 ‘letters’), including 65 whose function are unknown but
which were essential for the survival of the cell. This is not much less than
Mycoplasma genitalium (482 genes, 582,970 letters)—which itself is a parasite
of even more complex organisms. How then can evolutionists explain the origin
of the very first self-reproducing cell? It is a mathematical impossibility for just
one gene to have arisen by chance—much less 473.
Research highlights, Nature 439(7074):246–247, January 2006 | doi: 10.1038/439246a.
Glass, J.I. et al., Essential genes of a minimal bacterium, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 103( 2):425–
430, January 2006 | doi: 10.1073/pnas.0510013103.
Hesman, T., Scientists build minimum genome bacterium,
sciencenews.org, March 2016.
QUICK QUASAR QUANDARY
Quasars emit large amounts of energy and are generally thought
to relate to a black hole, typically in the centre of a galaxy. It is
suggested that when the black hole is sucking matter in (‘feeding’) it
forms what is called an accretion disk. As matter in this disk spirals
in, it releases an enormous amount of energy, which explains the
huge release of energy typical of the quasar. Astronomers have now
found a quasar at the centre of a galaxy where it has brightened
10-fold in about a year. Such rapid changes challenge stellar evolution
theories, which have previously put such changes into a timeframe
of millions of years. Not surprisingly, such a rapid ‘switch on’ was
Once again, observations are at odds with the evolutionary timeframe for astronomical events. For more,
Gezari, S. et al., iPTF discovery of the rapid ‘turn-on’ of a luminous quasar, ApJ
835( 2):144, February 2017 | doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/835/2/144.
DNA FROM THE DUST
several sites of various ages, say they’ve established a valuable archaeological tool for places that
lack skeletal remains.
The innovative research technique involved analyzing mostly cave sediments—including
some stored at room temperature for several years—for any DNA fragments. The results revealed
The DNA was in layers or sites where no bones or teeth, for example, were previously found. The
discovery also raises the question of how such fragile DNA could last in sediments dated 14,000 to
550,000 years. As well, how can the researchers know when the DNA trace was left at a site?
Even so, most evolutionists look at Neandertals and Denisovans as less than human, but the
constantly-changing understanding of human DNA—including that there is more variation between
humans than previously thought—suggests rather they are more likely fully human. That, of course,
DNA from extinct humans discovered in cave sediments, phys.org, April 2017.
Slon, V. et al., Neandertal and Denisovan DNA from Pleistocene sediments,
sciencemag.org, April 2017 | doi: 10.1126/science.