RETHINK ON HOW SHOCKED QUARTZ FORMS
The forces generated by lightning can alter the earth’s surface. Geologists have now discovered
that ordinary storm-generated lightning strikes can be the cause of ‘shocked quartz’, which was
previously thought to have been exclusively caused by meteorite impacts.
The presence of what are described as Planar Deformation Features (PDFs) was seen as
sure proof of an impact. As one professor observed about the long-standing reliance upon
“If you can find shock-metamorphosed minerals, especially quartz, then the structure was
made by a forceful extraterrestrial impact because no other known process could achieve
the pressures necessary to alter quartz into one of several high-pressure forms, commonly
referred to as ‘shocked’ quartz.”
Because of the latest findings, however, he said geologists would now have to take a
“In the future, it will not be enough to find PDFs in quartz to demonstrate the presence of
an impact event, but impact proponents will also have to rule out lightning strikes as well.”
It is hard to see, though, how lightning strikes could be readily excluded; it happens some-
where on Earth about 100 times every second.
Geologists who believed that Earth has been around for billions of years and subjected to
perhaps millions of impact events, were previously convinced that the evidence of shocked
quartz fitted that scenario. This finding is another reminder that further evidence can overturn
long-held ideas. And it better fits the biblical creation model of a young Earth with a limited number of extraterrestrial
impacts, which most likely happened mainly during the catastrophic world-changing event of Noah’s Flood.
Melosh, J., Impact geologists, beware! Geophys. Res. Lett. 44( 17):8873–8874, September 2017 | doi: 10.1002/2017GL074840.
SPINNING TIME ON MICROFOSSIL SPINES
million years old have pushed back by about 200 million years a ‘fact’ about when skeletons
first appeared in organisms.
Evolutionists previously said biomineralization—a process by which minerals harden
tissues, such as teeth and bones—first appeared in vertebrates about 550 million years ago;
so this find throws that into question. Researchers concluded the microfossils—from a 60
m (200 ft) thick section that contained lime, mudstone and slate—used biomineralization
because they contained a calcium and phosphorus compound called hydroxyapatite, which
is found in tooth enamel and bone.
Of course, the ‘dates’ quoted are governed by the evolutionary paradigm. The notion that
it is all calibrated by radiometric dates as ‘absolute’ is clearly problematic. The presence of
the short-lived carbon- 14 isotope in coal, fossils, and even diamonds across the spectrum of
geological ages provides powerful evidence against the claimed millions of years ages for
the rock strata (see creation.com/cdating).
Sullivan, W., New fossils push back earliest single-celled skeletons 200 million years, pbs.org, July 2017.
Cohen, P.A., et al. Controlled hydroxyapatite biomineralization in an ~810 million-year-old unicellular eukaryote,
Sci.Adv. 3( 6):e1700095, June 2017 | doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1700095.
REFLECTIVE PAINT FROM ‘65,000 YEARS AGO’!
being called the earliest-known use of reflective paint. Scientists studying a site in Kakadu National Park believe they have
found new evidence that Aboriginal people have lived there for 65,000 years—up to 18,000 years earlier than previous claims.
Contrary to the secular origins story that man slowly evolved in Africa, the Bible
teaches that after the Flood about 4,500 years ago, people groups travelled out from Babel
in the Middle East and eventually dispersed to all habitable areas of the earth. From biblical history we would expect that the people of those times were highly innovative and creative, and this is what the evidence reveals at Kakadu.
But the archaeologists who discovered the paint accept the ‘Out of Africa’ hypothesis
of man’s origins and are convinced humans have been in Australia for tens of thousands of
years. They used optically-stimulated luminescence to derive their ‘date’, a method based
on unprovable assumptions. 65,000-year-old paint is quite a claim—modern paint, with all
the research that has gone into it, does very well if it survives a few decades.
Buried tools and pigments tell a new history of humans in Australia for 65,000 years, theconversation.com,