JOEL TAY, Dip. Biotech, B.Sc., M.Div., Th.M.
With qualifications in genetics and evolutionary
biology as well as theology and philosophy,
Joel’s previous roles in youth ministry and street
evangelism have greatly reinforced his conviction
on the vital importance of creation apologetics.
Originally from Singapore, Joel is currently a
speaker, researcher, and writer with Creation
Ministries International (US). For more: creation.
Genesis history (including the Ark and
post-Flood dispersion) actually requires
speciation (new species arising). Because
if species were fixed, then in the case of
cats alone, Noah would have had to take
representatives of all 39 species (plus
all post-Flood extinct ones). But if all
cat species descended from one biblical
kind, as the facts about cat hybridization
would indicate, then he would not have
had to take two lions, two tigers, two
pumas, etc. etc. on board; just a pair of
the original feline kind.
Furthermore, such speciation would
have been relatively rapid. 5 Ancient
records from only centuries, not many
millennia, after the Flood confirm that
many different types of cat were already
in existence. For instance, the Bible
speaks of both lions and leopards in
Song of Solomon 4: 8, and ancient Egypt
had domesticated cats.
Speedy speciation seen
The process of speciation, where one
breeding population splits into two
new ones, has not only been observed
to take place, but to do so very rapidly,
in just a few generations. So this in a
sense fulfils a ‘prediction’ for a Genesis
creation model. 6 But it has surprised
evolutionists, who expected it to take
long periods of time. And importantly,
new species have been seen to arise with
no evidence of any new genetic infor-
mation having appeared (which is what
would be required for microbe-to-man
evolution). All the information within
the daughter populations is present in
the parent population.
This sort of speciation can happen as
animals adapt to different environments
by natural selection as well as artificial
selection by cat breeders. 7 This is not
the same as ‘evolution’; each ‘daughter’
population only has a subset of that
The animals released after the Flood,
with the Ice Age right on its heels, 8
would have faced many new and rapidly
changing environments in the recovering
earth. So selection pressures would have
been high, ideal conditions for the rapid
formation of many new species.
Liligers, ligers, and other cat hybrids
are testimony to the fact that all 39
extant cat species alive today (including
the domestic house cat) likely came from
one original feline/cat kind on board the
Ark, which rapidly diversified soon after
the Flood. 4
References and notes
1. The male hybrids are sterile, an example
of Haldane’s rule—hybrids of the sex with
different sex chromosomes are more likely
to be sterile; male mammals are XY and
females are XX.
2. Liliger—An offspring of lion and liger,
Liger World, 2017, ligerworld.com/liliger.
html. Where not referenced otherwise, the
information on liligers is from this source.
3. Catchpoole, D., Cats big and small,
Creation 37( 4): 34–37, October 2015,
4. Pendragon, B., and Winkler, N., The family
of cats—delineation of the feline basic type,
J. Creation 25( 2):118–124, August 2011,
5. For several informative articles on species
and kinds, see creation.com/speciation.
6. Catchpoole, D., and Wieland, C., Speedy
species surprise, Creation 23( 2): 13–15,
7. See creation.com/selection for informative
articles on the topic of natural selection.
8. Oard, M., What caused the Ice Age?
Creation 36( 3): 52–55, 2014; creation.com/
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