References and notes
1. Uniformitarianism is the assumption that the
same sorts of slow-and-gradual geological
processes that we see happening in the
present have more or less always operated
that way in the past. It denies the global
Flood described in the Bible.
2. Chorley, R.J., Dunn, A.J., and Beckinsale,
R.P., The History of the Study of Landforms
or the Development of Geomorphology—
Volume One: Geomorphology before Davis,
Methuen & Co. Ltd, London, UK, pp. 63–64,
3. Reed, J.K., Three early arguments for deep
time—part I: time needed to erode valleys,
J. Creation 25( 2):83–91, 2011; creation.com/
4. Powell, J.L., Grand Canyon: Solving Earth’s
Grandest Puzzle, PI Press, New York, NY, p.
5. Schumm, S., and Ethridge,
F.G., Origin, evolution and
morphology of fluvial
valleys; in: Dalrymple,
R. W., Boyd, R., and
Zaitlin B.A. (Eds.),
Special Publication No. 51, Tulsa, OK, p. 11,
6. Catchpoole, D. and Walker, T., Charles
Lyell’s hidden agenda—to free science
“from Moses”, 19 August 2009; creation.
7. Morris, J.D. and Austin, S.A., Footprints in
the Ash, Master Books, Green Forest, AR,
8. Morris and Austin, ref. 7, pp. 71 and 76.
9. Oard, M.J., The Missoula Flood Controversy
and the Genesis Flood, Creation Research
Society Books, Chino Valley, AZ, 2004.
10. Oard, M.J., The Great Missoula Flood:
Modern Day Evidence for the Worldwide
Flood, Awesome Science Media, Canby, OR,
11. Twidale, C.R., Geomorphology with Special
Reference to Australia, Thomas
Nelson Ltd, Melbourne, Australia, pp.
12. Bloom, A.L.,
Systematic Analysis of
Late Cenozoic Landforms, Prentice-Hall,
Englewood Cliffs, NJ, pp. 163–196, 1978.
13. Pazzaglia, F.J., Landscape evolution models:
in: Gillespie, A.R., Porter, S.C., and Atwater
B.F. (Eds.), The Quaternary Period in the
United States, Elsevier, New York, NY, p.
14. Twidale, Ref. 11, pp. 164–165.
15. Oard, M.J., Massive erosion of continents
demonstrates Flood runoff, Creation
35( 3): 44–47, 2013; creation.com/continental-erosion.
16. Oard, M., It’s plain to see: Flat land surfaces
are strong evidence for the Genesis Flood,
Creation 28( 2): 34–37, 2006; creation.com/
17. Oard, M.J., Flood by Design: Receding
Water Shapes the Earth’s Surface, Master
Books, Green Forest, AR, pp. 61–64, 2008.
18. Inselbergs: Evidence for rapid Flood runoff,
Creation 39(1): 46–49, 2017.
Figure 4. Upper Grand Coulee with vertical walls 275 m
(900 ft) high cut in hard basalt in a matter of days by the
Lake Missoula flood.
Figure 5. Vertical, narrow Spider Rock in Canyon de Chelly,
northeast Arizona, stands alone in its flat valley.
has an M.S. in atmospheric science and is a retired
meteorologist from the US National Weather
Service. He has authored numerous books and
articles, including Exploring Geology with Mr
Hibb. He is on the board of Creation Research
Society and is widely regarded as an expert on Ice
Age creation topics. For more: creation.com/oard.