land bridges, and in boats with humans.
The red fox in Australia is a prime
example of the latter.
Of most significance for the red
fox is the effect of the Ice Age, which
rapidly followed the Genesis Flood, 7
and removed many millions of cubic
kilometres of water from the ocean to
form huge ice sheets on the land. This
exposed land bridges, such as the current
(water-covered) Bering Strait, allowing
the fox a possible route by which to
enter North America. Evolutionists
also believe that this is how the red fox
arrived in North America, although by
contrast, they believe it was during one
of many ‘Ice Ages’ rather than the well-evidenced singular Ice Age caused by
the global Flood. 8
The red blanket surges
Having been introduced on the eastern
side of Australia, red foxes were first
reported in Western Australia in
1911–12, and by 1934, had reached
their current distribution. 9 So, well
within the first 100 years of their
introduction, the fox population had
spread at least the 4,000 km ( 2,500
miles) between Sydney and Perth.
The distance between the Mountains
of Ararat and the now submerged
Bering Strait is over 12,000 km ( 7,500
miles). But the Ice Age is estimated to
have lasted at least 500 years following
the Flood. So, based on the red fox’s
Australian performance, it could have
comfortably crossed the Bering Strait
into North America before the ice melted
and this route became inaccessible.
Helping to answer Bible skeptics
Bible skeptics often dispute that animals
could have spread around the world in
such a short time after coming off Noah’s
Ark. However, the red fox shows that it
does not take millions or even thousands
of years for animal populations to travel
vast distances and become a part of an
eco-system. When examined, the Bible’s
history has always proved to be both
realistic and trustworthy.
References and notes
1. McLeod, R., Counting the Cost: Impact
of Invasive Animals in Australia 2004, p.
19, Cooperative Research Centre for Pest
Animal Control, Canberra, 2004.
2. Wieland, C., The grey
blanket: What the story
of Australia’s amazing
teaches us about
25( 4): 45–47,
3. Figure obtained
in 2014 by email correspondence with the
Orange Agricultural Institute (New South
Wales Department of Primary Industry,
Australia). The total number is unknown
due to the absence of people from much of
that vast country, making estimates of fox
density particularly unreliable in those areas.
4. Davies, E., One animal has more babies than
any other, bbc.co.uk/earth, 4 March 2016.
5. Many leading creationists think foxes (genus
Vulpes) are likely the same original kind
(family Canidae) as dogs, wolves, coyotes,
etc. (genus Canis). At least one example
(fox-coyote) of hybridization between these
genera is documented.
6. Statham, D., Natural rafts carried animals
around the globe. Creation 33( 2): 54–55,
7. See Ice Age and Mammoths Questions and
8. Aubry, K.B. et al., Phylogeography of
the North American red fox: vicariance
in Pleistocene forest refugia, Molecular
Ecology 18, 2668–2686, 2009 | doi: 10.1111/
means splitting a population into
discontinuous groups by a geographical
9. King, D.R., Smith, L.A., The distribution
of the European Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) in
Western Australia, Records of the Western
Australian Museum, 12( 2):197–205, 1985.
PHILIP ROBINSON, B.Ed., M.Div.
has been an associate speaker and writer for
Creation Ministries International (UK), in a
voluntary capacity since 2009.
For more: creation.com/phil-robinson.